The Western Qing Tombs are located some 140 km southwest of Beijing in Yi County, Hebei province. They constitute a necropolis that incorporates four royal mausoleums where seventy-eight royal members in all are buried. These include four emperors of the Qing Dynasty and their empresses, imperial concubines, princes and princesses, as well as other royal servants. It is one of the two imperial tombs of the Qing Dynasty, the other is Eastern Qing Tombs.
Construction of the Western Qing Tombs was initiated by the Yongzheng Emperor who broke with tradition and refused to be buried in the Eastern Qing Tombs. Some have speculated; though not proven; as Yongzheng had illegally usurped the throne by eliminating his brothers and his motives to relocate his tomb to the Western Qing tombs was that he did not wish to be buried alongside his father the Kangxi Emperor. Later on his son, the Qianlong Emperor decided that he should be buried in the Eastern Qing tombs and have dictated that thereafter burials should alternate between the eastern and western sites, although this was not followed consistently.
The first tomb, the Tai Ling, was completed in 1737, 2 years after the Yongzheng reign. The last imperial interment was in 1913, when the Guangxu Emperor was entombed in the Chong Ling.
The four tombs in Western Qing Tombs are:
Tailing for Emperor Yongzheng(1678–1735, the 3rd emperor)
Changling for Emperor Jiaqing (1760–1820, the 5th emperor)
Muling for Emperor Daoguang (1782–1850, the 6th emperor)
Chongling for Emperor Guangxu (1871–1908, the 9th emperor)