Henan is a province of the China, located in the central part of the country. Henan is often referred to as Zhongyuan or Zhongzhou (中州) which literally means "central plain land" or "midland", although the name is also applied to the entirety of China proper. Henan is the birthplace of Chinese civilization with over 3,000 years of recorded history.
The Taihang Mountains (太行山) are a Chinese mountain range running down the eastern edge of the Loess Plateau in Shanxi, Henan and Hebei provinces. The range extends over 400 kilometres from north to south and has an average elevation of 1,500 to 2,000 metres. The Taihang Gorge & Red Flag Canal is located on the south edge of the Taihang Mountains.