Since the Yuan Dynasty (Mongolian rule), the forces of Islam have begun to enter the Chinese mainland. Chinese and Muslim elements collide and merge in this City.
The Changkong Pass is located on the east side of Huashan south-peak. One of the first generation of the Huashan School, He Zhizhen, who want to stay away from this mortal life and be quietly cultivated into a fairy, built this pass with stone nails on the cliff. It is known as the "The most dangerous in the world(天下第一险)".
In wheat-farming areas in Northern China, people largely rely on flour-based food, such as noodles, bing (bread), jiaozi (a kind of Chinese dumplings), and mantou (a type of steamed buns).